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Beginners Guide to Betta Fish

Betta fish, known as Siamese fighting fish, are among the most popular and visually striking aquarium pets. Known for their vibrant colours and elaborate fins, Bettas can bring a unique blend of beauty and personality to your home. This guide will cover everything you need to know to get started with your very own Betta fish, from selecting the right fish to tank maintenance and beyond.

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Choosing Your Betta Fish

Bettas come in various types, each with unique colours and fin shapes. From the majestic Veiltail to the intricate Crowntail, a Betta suits every preference. When choosing your Betta, look for lively individuals with bright colours and full, undamaged fins. A healthy Betta will be curious and active, often coming to the front of their container to greet you.

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Setting Up the Tank

Despite popular belief, a small bowl is not an ideal home for a Betta. A minimum 5-gallon tank is recommended to give your Betta enough space to swim and explore. Essential equipment includes a heater (to maintain a comfortable temperature between 76-82°F), a gentle filter (to keep the water clean without creating solid currents), and a lid (to prevent your Betta from jumping out). Water quality is paramount, so condition tap water to remove harmful chlorine and chloramines before adding it to the tank.

Diet and Feeding

Betta fish are primarily carnivorous, thriving on a diet of high-quality Betta pellets, frozen or live brine shrimp, and daphnia. Feed your Betta once or twice a day, providing as much food as possible in a couple of minutes to avoid overfeeding and water quality issues.

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Betta Fish Health

Bettas are relatively hardy but can be prone to common fish diseases like fin rot and ich if kept in poor conditions. Regularly monitoring your Betta for signs of distress or illness and maintaining clean water will help keep them healthy. Quarantine new plants and decorations before adding them to the tank to prevent the introduction of diseases.

Betta Behavior and Compatibility

Bettas are known for their aggressive behaviour towards other males and similarly finned fish. However, they can coexist with other species if the tank is large enough and provides plenty of hiding spots. Snails, shrimp, and certain peaceful fish can make good tank mates. You should also watch out for other behaviours here: https://fishyfantasy.com/betta-fish-behavior-before-death/

Breeding Betta Fish

Breeding Bettas can be a rewarding experience but requires careful planning and preparation. The process involves setting up a separate breeding tank and carefully introducing the male and female. After spawning, removing the female and providing appropriate care for the fry is critical.

Maintenance and Cleaning

Regular maintenance is crucial for keeping your Betta healthy. Perform partial water changes weekly and clean the tank thoroughly every month. Avoid using soap or harsh chemicals, as these can harm your fish. Be sure to clean your Betta fish toys too: https://fishyfantasy.com/best-betta-fish-toys/

Common Mistakes to Avoid

New Betta owners often must correct a few common mistakes, such as overfeeding, keeping Bettas in too small or unheated tanks, and neglecting regular water changes. By avoiding these pitfalls, you can ensure a healthy and happy environment for your Betta.


Bettas are fascinating and beautiful creatures that make great pets for novice and experienced fishkeepers. Your Betta can thrive and bring you years of enjoyment with proper care. Remember, a happy Betta is an active and colourful companion that can brighten up any room.

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