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Top 10 Backend Frameworks for Web App Development in 2022

Web app development has gained massive momentum over the past couple of years as an increasing number of businesses shift online with backend frameworks. But the intuitive website you are currently surfing through isn’t all buttons and pages. Behind the glamor lies a powerful backend architecture that allows you, the user, to access embedded data and functionalities that power your web experience.  

You also know how significant a robust and effective backend is to a web application’s performance. And you obviously know how vital performance is to project success. 

Why Do You Need a Backend Framework 

Most backend frameworks are leveraged to build a certain level of automation into data fetching. They also assist in management, along with building the ‘endoskeleton’ of a web application. The issues that a resilient backend can tackle and overcome are:

  • Security 
  • Time-saving 
  • Integrations 
  • Uniqueness 
  • Scalability 

Most backend frameworks happen to be open-source, making them freely available to build your XP as a backend developer. Read on as we talk about the top 10 backend frameworks to accelerate value for your web development initiative. 

Top 10 Backend Frameworks to Use in 2022 

1. ASP.NET core for .NET Developers 

Stepping in to carry the mantle and the legacy of ASP.NET further, ASP.NET core is a worthy successor. ASP.NET core is open-source, and platform-independent. It can therefore be leveraged to build highly performant web app backends with DOT NET. ASP.NET core is heralded as the most highly-performing backend framework out there today. ASP.NET core is at its roots an amalgamation of the ASP.NET MVC and the ASP>NET Web API, presented to the developer as a single module. This makes it a near-perfect choice for robust backends.

2. Laravel for PHP Programmers 

PHP is one of the most popular programming languages that developers use for web app backends. Laravel is a PHP-based MVC framework  The reasons behind Laravel’s popularity in the development community are its extensive library, user-friendly UI, and strong API support. 

Laravel is best known for simplifying backend development and building neo-modern yet secure web apps. Therefore Laravel is the framework of choice among developers who prioritize security.  

3. Ruby on Rails for Ruby Programmers 

Ruby on Rails, better known as just rails, is a server-side MVC framework. It is beginner-friendly and easy to gain mastery in, thus making it a developer favorite. While many still debate over its pros and cons, RoR is loved and backed by a sizable community of loyal Railers. If you so wish, you can hire backend developers to work on your enterprise app ensuring business success. 

4. Spring Framework + Spring boot for Java Developers

Java happens to be one of the most widely-used cross-functional programming languages. Unsurprisingly, Java also finds utility in the sphere of backend development. The Spring framework is considered to be one of the best Java frameworks for backend development. 

Using Spring boot is refreshingly easy. This is because it circumvents complex configuration overheads. Developers are offered a myriad of high-utility and high-value functionalities that facilitate cashing, hyper-accurate transaction logging and management, configuration, security, and monitoring tasks. The Spring framework can help you create a powerful backend that will perform well under all traffic conditions. It will also keep security at an optimal level. Spring, Hibernate, and Spring boot are the top dog trio of Java backend frameworks.  

5. Django for Python Developers

If you are planning on using Python for your web development initiative, then Django is your go-to choice. Django operates on the DRY principle, which stands for ‘Don’t Repeat Yourself.’ This means that it emphasizes code repurposing, which in turn speeds up development. It is also known to be ultra-secure. 

Django is, at its core, a Python framework. This means that it shares Python’s shallow learning curve and extensive utilities. Django is one of the most widely used full-stack frameworks thanks to functionalities like REST API support.  

6. Express.js for JavaScript Developers

JavaScript is easily the most popular programming language out there. As node.js made an entrance, the popularity of javascript as a backend language skyrocketed. Node.js is now close to becoming a household name. In 2010 Express JS was released to further simplify the lives of node developers. It offered them the ability to build highly flexible and scalable applications while remaining light on resources. 

7. Fiber Framework for Golang Developers

If you are a Golang programmer, then you are no stranger to Fibre. The idea behind Fibre is to ease development efforts while speeding them up through zero memory allocation for heightened performance levels.

FIber may come across as a lot leaner than the other frameworks mentioned on this list, but thanks to its leanness, it is very easy for developers to integrate a bevy of third-party libraries with Martini. Fiber offers heightened levels of scalability and a significantly lower number of overhead issues. 

It is very similar to Express.js, given that it offers robust support for routing, static file serving, Rest API builds, Middleware support, a flexible template engine, and a stunningly low memory footprint.

8. CakePHP Framework for PHP Developers 

Cake PHP is a PHP framework based on Ruby on Rails. CakePHP follows a Model View Controller architectural model that overs high-utility features like front controllers, MVC controllers, data mapping capabilities, active records and tabs, and a methodology of convention over configuration.  

9. Flask Framework for Python Developers 

Flask stands apart as it  does not have a data abstraction layer, form validation, or external dependencies. This framework is basically a stripped-down yet simple and highly efficient web framework. Given that Flask is lightweight, learning and understanding it is fairly easy. Given that it is a Python framework, it is also very user-friendly. 

10. PLAY Framework for Scala Developers

With its MVC architecture and features like hot reloading, PLAY can easily catch and display programming errors while allowing the developer to focus on the upgradation and eventual profitability of the project. PLAY is RESTfull and non-blocking, further extending its value proposition.  

In Summation 

JavaScript and Python are market leaders for backend development. These languages offer amazing feature-richness, development capabilities, and extensive functionalities. We trust that our list of the top backend frameworks for web application development will prove informative and useful. Until next time, Happy developing!

Pratik Mistry

I am Pratik Mistry, a rare mix of technologist and vice president in sales at Radixweb. My passion lies is in helping companies to grow revenues by delivering top notch custom software development solutions and build value-based partnerships. When not driving high-impact go to market strategies, I love to try new cuisines and going to the movies.

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